AskDefine | Define particle

Dictionary Definition



1 (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything [syn: atom, molecule, corpuscle, mote, speck]
2 a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
3 a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs

User Contributed Dictionary



From particula ‘small part, particle’, diminutive of pars ‘part, piece’.



  1. A body with very small size; a fragment.
  2. An elementary particle or subatomic particle.
  3. A word that has a particular grammatical function but does not obviously belong to any particular part of speech, such as the word to in English infinitives or O as the vocative particle.


body with very small size
elementary particle or subatomic particle
  • Czech: částice
  • Dutch: deeltje
  • Danish: partikel , elementarpartikel
  • Finnish: hiukkanen
  • Greek: σωματίδιο (somatídio)
  • Japanese: 粒子 (ryūshi)
  • Polish: cząstka
  • Russian: частица
  • Portuguese: partícula
word that does not belong to any particular part of speech
  • Czech: částice
  • Danish: småord
  • Danish: partikel
  • Finnish: partikkeli
  • Greek: μόριο (mório)
  • Icelandic: smáorð
  • Japanese: 助詞 (じょし, joshi)
  • Polish: partykuła
  • Russian: частица
  • Portuguese: partícula
Translations to be checked

Extensive Definition

Besides its common definition, particle may refer to:
In chemistry: In physics:
In other contexts:
particle in Arabic: جسيم
particle in Catalan: Partícula
particle in Czech: Částice (rozcestník)
particle in Welsh: Gronyn
particle in Danish: Partikel
particle in German: Partikel
particle in Modern Greek (1453-): Σωματίδιο
particle in Spanish: Partícula
particle in French: Particule
particle in Galician: Partícula
particle in Korean: 입자
particle in Ido: Partikulo
particle in Indonesian: Partikel
particle in Italian: Particella
particle in Hebrew: חלקיק
particle in Lithuanian: Dalelė
particle in Japanese: 粒子
particle in Polish: Cząstka
particle in Russian: Частица
particle in Finnish: Partikkeli

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

K-meson, ace, adjectival, adjective, adverb, adverbial, adversative conjunction, atom, attributive, beta particle, bit, butt, chip, chunk, clip, clipping, collop, conjunction, conjunctive adverb, coordinating conjunction, copulative, copulative conjunction, correlative conjunction, crumb, cut, cutting, dab, damn, disjunctive, disjunctive conjunction, dole, dollop, dot, dram, dribble, driblet, drop, droplet, dwarf, electron, end, exclamatory noun, farthing, fleck, flyspeck, form class, form word, fragment, function class, gerundive, gleam, gnat, gob, gobbet, grain, granule, graviton, groat, hair, handful, hint, hoot, hunk, interjection, iota, jot, little, little bit, lota, lump, meson, mesotron, microbe, microorganism, midge, minim, minimum, minutia, minutiae, mite, modicum, moiety, molecule, morsel, mote, neutron, nutshell, ounce, paring, part of speech, participle, past participle, pebble, perfect participle, photon, piece, pinch, pinhead, pinpoint, pion, pittance, point, preposition, present participle, proton, quark, rasher, ray, scintilla, scoop, scrap, scruple, shard, shaving, shiver, shred, slice, sliver, smidgen, smidgin, smitch, smithereen, snack, snap, snatch, snip, snippet, spark, speck, splinter, spoonful, spot, stitch, stump, subordinating conjunction, suggestion, suspicion, syllable, tatter, thimbleful, tiny bit, tittle, trifling amount, trivia, vanishing point, verbal adjective, whit, whoop
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